What's New in CRISPR - May 2019

Posted by Jennifer Tsang on May 28, 2019 8:49:09 AM


New CRISPR plasmids at AddgeneIn this quarterly blog series, we’ll highlight a few of the new CRISPR plasmids available at Addgene. We will still periodically focus on specific CRISPR plasmid tools more in-depth, but we hope that this blog series will help you find new CRISPR tools for your research!

This time:

  • Ecoli genome-wide CRISPR inhibition
  • Covalent tethering of DNA template to Cas9
  • SECURE base editors
  • Nme2Cas9
  • CRISPR interference in Candida albicans

E. coli genome-wide inhibition library

To expand the tools available for genome-wide studies in E. coli, the Chong Zhang lab developed a genome-scale CRISPR inhibition pooled library (~60,000 gRNAs) that targets ~4,000 E. coli genes with ~15 gRNAs per gene and includes ~10,000 gRNAs targeting intergenic regions. The libraries also include 2,400 gRNAs without any significant hit across the E. coli genome as a negative control.

Covalent tethering of DNA repair template to Cas9

Homology-directed repair (HDR) can be used to make precise modification in genome editing. However, HDR efficiency is low. Wendy Gordon's lab developed a strategy to enhance HDR repair using a single-stranded oligodeoxynucleotide HDR template covalently attached to the Cas9-gRNA RNP complex via the fused HUH endonuclease PCV. This increases HDR efficiency up to 30-fold.

Selective curbing of unwanted RNA editing (SECURE) base editors

Keith Joung’s lab recently found that a cytosine base editor (CBE) with rat APOBEC1 causes genome-wide deamination of RNA cytosines in human cells. Thus, they engineered two CBE variants with mutations in the rat APOBEC1 that decreases the number of RNA edits by >390 fold and >3,800 fold in human cells with no significant reduction in editing efficiency.

All-in-one AAV delivery of Nme2Cas9 with gRNA cassette

Erik Sontheimer’s lab identified a Cas9 protein from Neisseria meningitidis, Nme2Cas9, that recognizes a simple dinucleotide PAM (N4CC), lending to high target site density (average every 8 bp). Nme2Cas9 is also small enough that it can be packaged into AAV. The lab used single-AAV delivery of Nme2Cas9 and the sgRNA to demonstrate efficient editing in adult mice and in zygotes.

CRISPR interference in Candida albicans

A new CRISPR interference (CRIPSRi) platform for targeted gene repression in Candida albicans was developed by Rebecca Shapiro’s lab. After testing dCas9 fusions with transcriptional repressors, they found that fusing dCas9 to an Mxi1 repressor domain repressed transcription of HSP90 an essential C. albicans gene.

If you have a new CRISPR tool you’ve recently deposited to Addgene and you’d like it to be included in the next What’s New in CRISPR blog post, please let us know. We also welcome blog posts from guest bloggers. Check out this blog post for more information.

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